The carob tree is an upland tree of the legume family, whose cultivation is very old in the countries of the Mediterranean basin. The name carob is derived from the Arabic vocabulary Kharoubah. The most common species in Portugal are: Mulata, Galhosa, Aida, Canela and Preta de Lagos.
Carob is the elongated fruit, 10 to 22 cm long, which is green when young, but grows rapidly between February and early June when its color changes to dark chocolate.
Carob, nutritious and tasty pods, have long been used to feed livestock and as human food. It is said that even a few decades ago they were sold on the street, in Cacilhas as if they were chocolates, the pods themselves. In ancient times the seeds were still used as a unit of weight (karate) for precious materials.
Currently, carob is used in human food because it has a sweet taste and is often used as a substitute for chocolate in confectionery.
The seed is also used to extract a gum with a wide range of industrial applications, namely in the food sector as a thickener, stabilizer and emulsifier, but also in the textile industry, the paper industry, and the pharmaceutical industry.
Voz do Campo n.º 226
The Iberian Lynx is the most threatened feline in the world and is Critically Endangered . It is such an emblematic animal that we chose it to illustrate the Raw Carob Tablet. It shares the same region as Alfarrobeira in the southwest of the Iberian Peninsula. Following the logic we chose for this range, a species of local fauna accompanies an ingredient native to the region where we are based.
The Iberian lynx has a reddish-brown fur covered with black spots that can range from small spots to stripes. Like all species of the genus Lynx, the small tail, brushes on the tips of the ears and beards are the most distinctive features. The average weight of an adult male is around 12 kg while females weigh an average of around 9 kg
During the 20th century, this species suffered a sharp decline mainly due to the regression of its main prey, the rabbit, as a result of viral diseases, abandonment of traditional agricultural practices and some inappropriate hunting practices; and the loss and deterioration of their habitat, Mediterranean scrub and forests. Other factors such as unnatural death, disease and disturbance in the breeding areas pose serious challenges to the species' current survival.
The Lynx Program has as its main objective to ensure the conservation and long-term management of areas with Mediterranean habitat suitable for the Iberian lynx ( Lynx pardinus ) in Portugal. The League for the Protection of Nature, in partnership with the international organization Fauna & Flora International (FFI), launched, in 2004, the Program, with the participation and technical and scientific support of a group composed of the main specialists in this species in Portugal.